THE ROCK ART AREA OF
The rock art of Huashan in Ningming County of Zuojiang River Guangxi. All the rock arts were drawn on the steep cliffs. The distance between the bottom of the rock art and ground or the surface of water is usually about 20 metros to 80 meters, or up to 120 meters. In each place there are 3 to 1800 figures. All the images are different degrees of reddish brown color. There are different kinds of images, such as human figures, dogs, birds and implements such as knives, swords, bell, besides there are figures of boats and sexual intercourse. The rock art of Huashan is the biggest, most magnificent and most typical. On the cliff 210.05 meters in width and 40 meters in height there are many figures. Especially at the lower part of the cliff. Now 1819 figures can be still seen.
According to the figures of implements with age features, archaeological materials and C-14 testing, we hold that the rock art were drawn in the times between the early period of Warring States and the Eastern Han Dynasty. Its development can be into four stages. The first stage is an initiative one, in the time of early and middle period of the Warring states. The second stage is a flourishing one, in the time between the later period of the Warring states and the early period of the Western Dynasty. The third stage is still a flourishing one but it began to decline, in the time of the middle and later period of the Western Han Dynasty. The fourth stage is a declining one, in the time of the Eastern Han Dynasty.
According to the historic records, we can say that the nationality who drew the rock art was the ancestors of the zhuang people. In the myths' legends and the idea of the religion of the Zhuang people, the ancestors' deities have many functions. Therefore the rock art expressing the worship of ancestors has at least three function: to get rid of the disasters of flood and drought, guarantee a flourishing population and bless and protect the warriors.
The rock arts were drawn mainly by and drawing the outline of the figure. Stressing the outline of the figure with rough lines and in a style of primitive simplicity without details. The artists were rather good at composition and condensation. They grasped the main characteristics of human figures, animals and implements. The rock art at various places has a strong color of primitive reline with an atmosphere of immense zeal and vigorous mystery. The rock art is obviously different from that in other places.
Owing to the long-term corrosion of nature and the man - made causes, the rock art of all the places have been damaged to varying degrees. Many images of the rock art have become in completed and blurred. Some of them cannot be recognized. Sometimes there are only some mottled spots left. Up to now there have not been affective scientific means to prevent the nature from damaging the rock art. It is necessary to organize experts concerned to engage in experiments and scientific researches to gain and convey experience. As to the man-made damage, we should stop people from doing it through production. We should strengthen scientific researches and getin touch with associations concerned at home and abroad for aacademic exchange.
The rock art of the Huashan is the
precious cultural heritage
left by the ancestors of Zhuang
people. The grand scale of the
rock art, its stylistic
characteristics and are seldom seen. It has
great academic values in history, nationalism, archaeology and the
history of religion and fine arts. It is natural that academic
circles differ about some questions at present. We are confident
that the differences
will be reduced with the
development of scientific research.
The rock art of the Huashan is the precious cultural heritage left by the ancestors of Zhuang people. The grand scale of the rock art, its stylistic characteristics and are seldom seen. It has great academic values in history, nationalism, archaeology and the history of religion and fine arts. It is natural that academic circles differ about some questions at present. We are confident that the differences will be reduced with the development of scientific research.