THE ROCK ART IN BADANJILIN DESERT
Nowadays Badanjilin is a sandy
there are many
abundant cultural relics had been
Nowadays Badanjilin is a sandy waste dessert. However historically, there are many nationalities and tribes. The abundant cultural relics had beenhanded down. The rock arts are found all over the vast mountain area. The rock art are distributed mostly in the east of desert including the Bubu, Mandela mountain, Dulanbuer, Suhaisai, Arigelengtai, Budunshuhai, Xialama, Biqigetu mountain, Haomaoritu partly in the south of desert including Taohua and Longshou mountain, partly in the north of desert including Gashuzhadegai. Thousands of the rock art distribute in southeastern area Mandela mountain. In which nearly 5thousand pictures are located on the cliffs. It is 5 km long from north to south, 3km wide from east to west.
The places of making rock art were on the top of mountain or hilly land in front mountain. The rock arts were made by cared, polished and engraved on the huge black rocky surface. The most of them are very clear, few figure are not clear, even disappeared because of winderosion and rain wash.
The rock art contents include hunting, herding, fighting or dancing, tents, domes, God of the Sun, Deties, all kinds of symbols and society economy and culture by ancient nomadic nationalities in northern grassland.
The rock art of the Badanjilin Desert have unique style , there are different from other area of rock art. Most of the figure are smaller and distributing are denser, herding on horseback, architecture, spots give priority in the motives. The normative life occupies dominant position that based on the background that belonged to alive stock society.
The rock art of Badanjilin Dessert had been formed gradually for long time. There are belong to sixth period.
The first period: Late old stone age. Made by herding person belonged to some primitive tribes invented in Bubu in Yabulai Mountain.
The second period: From the new stone age to bronze age. The mask on stone cliff in Arergelengtai as well as some elegant animal in group.
The three periods: From the warring states to the Western Han Dynasty and the Eastern Han Dynasty. It was a period of great prosperity for making rock art: There is many symbols,hunting, herding, dots, wild animal, domestic animal, fighting and ancient writing.
The four period: From Wei, Jin Dynasty. The villages composed of kind of tents, lots of Animals appeared.
The fifth period: From late Dang to Weatern Xia Dynasty. Animals, humans, hunting were made with curing lines.
The sixth period: From Yuan Dynasty to Qing Dynasty. The masks, flowers, animals were made with curing lines. It's reflect the nomadic life and Samoan religion worship.
Viewed from the angles of social economy, social activities, religion belief, state of mind and aesthetics thought, it records the ancestor's culture and wisdom. The rock art maker revealed their mental outlook in different historic period that has profound insights to rock arts.