THE ROCK ART IN BADANJILIN DESERT

                                                       SUSHENG

    The Badanjilin Dessert situated in the  West  of  Inner Mongolia  and the North of the Hexi corridor in Gansu. Gashunnuoer mountain and Sugunuoer Mountain are located in northwestern Badanjilin Desert. Helimountain, longshou mountain in the South and in the Northeast is the end of the   Yin mountains.

     Nowadays Badanjilin is a sandy  waste  dessert.    However   historically, there are  many  nationalities  and  tribes.   The  abundant cultural relics had been handed down. The rock arts are found all  over the  vast mountain area. The rock art are  distributed  mostly  in the  east  of desert including the Bubu,  Mandela  mountain,   Dulanbuer, Suhaisai, Arigelengtai, Budunshuhai, Xialama, Biqigetu mountain, Haomaoritu  partly in the south of desert including Taohua and Longshou  mountain,   partly in the north of desert including Gashuzhadegai.       Thousands of the  rock art distribute in southeastern area Mandela mountain. In which nearly  5thousand pictures are located on the cliffs. It is 5 km long from  north to south, 3km wide from east to west.

 

   The places of making rock art were on the top of mountain or hilly land in front mountain. The rock  arts  were  made  by  cared, polished  and engraved on the huge black rocky surface. The  most  of them  are  very clear, few figure are not  clear,   even  disappeared because  of  winderosion and rain wash.

   The rock art contents include hunting, herding,   fighting  or  dancing, tents, domes, God of the Sun, Deties, all  kinds  of  symbols  and   society  economy  and   culture   by   ancient nomadic nationalities in northern grassland.

 

   The rock art of the Badanjilin Desert have unique  style  ,   there are different from other area of rock art. Most of  the  figure  are smaller and distributing are denser, herding on horseback, architecture, spots give priority in the motives. The  normative  life  occupies  dominant position that based on the background  that  belonged  to  alive stock society.

   The rock art of Badanjilin  Dessert had been formed gradually  for long time. There are belong to sixth period.

   The first period: Late old stone age. Made by herding  person  belonged to some primitive tribes invented in Bubu in Yabulai Mountain.

   The second period: From the new stone age to bronze age.   The  mask on stone cliff in Arergelengtai as well as some elegant animal in group.

   The three periods: From the warring states to the  Western  Han Dynasty and the Eastern Han Dynasty. It was a period  of  great prosperity  for making rock art:  There is many symbols,hunting, herding, dots,   wild animal, domestic animal, fighting and ancient writing.

   The four period: From Wei, Jin Dynasty. The villages composed of kind of tents, lots of Animals appeared.

   The fifth period: From late Dang  to  Weatern  Xia  Dynasty.    Animals, humans, hunting were made with curing lines.

   The sixth period: From Yuan Dynasty to Qing Dynasty. The masks, flowers, animals  were  made  with  curing  lines.   It's  reflect  the nomadic life and Samoan religion worship.

    There are distinct local features in  aspects  of  making  rock art skills.  All  the  models  are  expressed  as  stereoscopic  graph with vertical and horizontal dual  space.   In  order  to  obtain  the whole artistic effect of figure, the complicated details were omitted boldly, showing the primary shape  only.  

   Viewed from the angles of social economy, social activities, religion belief, state of mind and aesthetics thought, it records the ancestor's culture and wisdom. The rock art maker revealed their mental outlook  in different historic period that has profound insights to rock arts.

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