THE ROCK ART AREA OF RUTOG

                                                                     SUSHENG

Tibetan Autonomous Region including nearly over 300 figures of rock art in nearly 60 sites. Among of these, Rutog in the west of Tibetan is most important area.

The first founding the rock art site of Rutog in 1985. Up to now, about nearly 10 sites and over 123 remains of rock art were discovered. These rock art sites all situated near the altitude of 4,300 to 4,800 meters. These figures are scatted on the side of mountain, on the bank of river, on the edge of the alluvial fan at the mouth of gully near the cove and so on. These are Lurulangka site, Ahlong Gullysite, Tabu site, Rimudong site, Lubu site, Zuoyong lake site, Kangbarejiu, Nubulong site, Takangba site and Qugarqing site.

Rutong rock art are two-method draw and engraved. The Rutog rock art have the following remarkable features in modeling human figures and animals. The animal figures are 80 percent. No matter the draw or engraved the techniques are to outline the images with lines or to silhouette them. Eyes, ears, mouth and fingers are not draw in detail. The hunting and raising livestockĄ¯s are mainly subjects, except this, war, worshipping, Dance and signal are also content in Rutog rock art.

Rutog rock art reflected history by Xingxung and Supi tribes, the area are called Yangtong in history book written in Chinese. Human figures in the rock art mostly plait their hair or keep their hair unkempt and wear skirt-like fur robes. These are also recorded in the history documents.

Rutog rock art is part of the Tibetan. It's very useful to study the tribe, cultural source of Tibetan. The rock art of Rutog are similar to these found in other rock art area of china. For instance, some of the rock art of animals are decorated with lines. the phenomenon are found in Inner Mongolia and Ningxia regions. This also closely related to the lines of Bronze ware. The note worthy is the rock art drawn in red colors in Rutog. This would offer the source of date. The further study of C-14 testing the drawing must be made.

The rock art of Rutog are the cultural heritage and artistic form created by the ancestors with the same cultural sources who lived on the Tibetan Plateau. They are not isolated cultural phenomena. A large number of rock art engraved with hard tools are found on Indian Plateau boarding Tibet and especially in Naigarhi on the upper reach of the Naigarhi River in east India and other sites. Their subjects are mainly hunting and religious ceremony. The contents of worshiping fire of the aboriginal religion are found. It is of great necessity to study the time, tribe, cultural source of the Tibetan rock art and analysis and compare the historical heritage. We make conclusion close to the fact in the study of the history of nationality, art and religion.

A great deal of discovery and study of rock art will go on. In there mote area, there are still remains to be found. Up to now, the collective work is continue.