THE ROCK ART SITE OF THE HUTUBI
The rock art site of Hutubi are found in the Xingjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of far northwest China. The site locate at southwest of Hutubi county in the Tianshan mountain range, West of the regional capital of Urumqi.
The rock art of scene have nine meters 9 and stretching 14 meters. It is about 300 human figures, horses, tigers, sheep in the rock art, which cover an upright cliff of red rock. The larger figure is 2 meters, the smaller figure is 10 centimeters.
In a scene, which a group of nine women separated by two pair of hoses with a man facing them from the left. On the left , a single male within erect penis faces nine dancing females. He is colored in bright red and wears a hat. Nine female are separated into two pairs of horses. The largest female is two meters tall and the smallest is about life size. The particular hermaphrodite figural has two heads , each of these figures are surrounded by several nude males. Sexual intercourse¡¯s depicted in five places on the site. A group dancing figures with two tigers shows several small female figures lying on and conjunction with much larger male figures with erect penises. a single male with exaggerated erect penis is appear the scene. The penis almost as large as the man is supported by his left hand. The figure is painted bright red. Below then are two rows of smaller figures, less than 20centimetres figures and the lower row 21. Their bodies are inclined forward and are bent at the waist and knees, as if the are dancing.
The rock art site is secret ceremonies site, From there, we can clearly see a primitive dance closely related to sexual needs, sorcery and religious rites. The ancestors believe productive forces were infected the people and animal of their tribe. So the reproduce worship are very popular culture in the primitive societies. They host ceremonies dancing and carving at the site as a part of religions activities.
The site record showing the remains of fertility worship among the ancient inhabitants of the Tianshan Mountains.
The rock art also provide valuable information about primitive dance and art. They recorded the early history of dancing, a few written records about ancient dance practices because they have been lost in many years.
The date of rock art is further study. We have tentatively concluded that they were done about 3000 years ago. From historical records and archaeological data, the fertility worship had already developed in Xinjiang by about 1500 B.C. Near the site, some stone which ancestors used had been found , they belong to New Stone Age period.
If this analysis is correct, we may conclude that rock art was made by Saka people, who are live on the northern side of the Tianshan Mountains, who left their remains that their spiritual and material civilization in Hutubi.